webpack开始

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webpack如何开始

Asset Management

Setup

dist/index.html

 <!DOCTYPE html>
 <html>
   <head>
     <meta charset="utf-8" />
   - <title>Getting Started</title>
   + <title>Asset Management</title>
   </head>
   <body>
   - <script src="main.js"></script>
   + <script src="bundle.js"></script>
   </body>
 </html>

swebpack.config.js

 const path = require('path');

 module.exports = {
   entry: './src/index.js',
   output: {
   - filename: 'main.js',
   + filename: 'bundle.js',
     path: path.resolve(__dirname, 'dist'),
   },
 };

Loading CSS

npm install --save-dev style-loader css-loader

webpack.config.js

 const path = require('path');

 module.exports = {
   entry: './src/index.js',
   output: {
     filename: 'bundle.js',
     path: path.resolve(__dirname, 'dist'),
   },
 + module: {
 +   rules: [
 +     {
 +       test: /\.css$/i,
 +       use: ['style-loader', 'css-loader'],
 +     },
 +   ],
 + },
 };

project

  webpack-demo
  |- package.json
  |- package-lock.json
  |- webpack.config.js
  |- /dist
    |- bundle.js
    |- index.html
  |- /src
 +  |- style.css
    |- index.js
  |- /node_modules

src/style.css

.hello {
  color: red;
}

src/index.js

 import _ from 'lodash';
+import './style.css';

 function component() {
   const element = document.createElement('div');

   // Lodash, now imported by this script
   element.innerHTML = _.join(['Hello', 'webpack'], ' ');
  +element.classList.add('hello');

   return element;
 }

 document.body.appendChild(component());

Loading Images

webpack.config.js

const path = require('path');

 module.exports = {
   entry: './src/index.js',
   output: {
     filename: 'bundle.js',
     path: path.resolve(__dirname, 'dist'),
   },
   module: {
     rules: [
       {
         test: /\.css$/i,
         use: ['style-loader', 'css-loader'],
       },
  +    {
  +      test: /\.(png|svg|jpg|jpeg|gif)$/i,
  +      type: 'asset/resource',
  +    },
     ],
   },
 };

project

 webpack-demo
  |- package.json
  |- package-lock.json
  |- webpack.config.js
  |- /dist
    |- bundle.js
    |- index.html
  |- /src
 +  |- icon.png
    |- style.css
    |- index.js
  |- /node_modules

src/index.js

 import _ from 'lodash';
 import './style.css';
+import Icon from './icon.png';

 function component() {
   const element = document.createElement('div');

   // Lodash, now imported by this script
   element.innerHTML = _.join(['Hello', 'webpack'], ' ');
   element.classList.add('hello');

 + // Add the image to our existing div.
 + const myIcon = new Image();
 + myIcon.src = Icon;
 + 
 + element.appendChild(myIcon);
 + 
   return element;
 }

 document.body.appendChild(component());

### src/style.css

.hello {
  color: red;
+ background: url('./icon.png');
}

## Loading Fonts

### webpack.config.js

const path = require('path');

 module.exports = {
   entry: './src/index.js',
   output: {
     filename: 'bundle.js',
     path: path.resolve(__dirname, 'dist'),
   },
   module: {
     rules: [
       {
         test: /\.css$/i,
         use: ['style-loader', 'css-loader'],
       },
       {
         test: /\.(png|svg|jpg|jpeg|gif)$/i,
         type: 'asset/resource',
       },
 +     {
 +       test: /\.(woff|woff2|eot|ttf|otf)$/i,
 +       type: 'asset/resource',
 +     },
     ],
   },
 };

project

  webpack-demo
  |- package.json
  |- package-lock.json
  |- webpack.config.js
  |- /dist
    |- bundle.js
    |- index.html
  |- /src
 +  |- my-font.woff
 +  |- my-font.woff2
    |- icon.png
    |- style.css
    |- index.js
  |- /node_modules

src/style.css

+@font-face {
+  font-family: 'MyFont';
+  src: url('./my-font.woff2') format('woff2'),
+    url('./my-font.woff') format('woff');
+  font-weight: 600;
+  font-style: normal;
+}
+
 .hello {
   color: red;
+  font-family: 'MyFont';
   background: url('./icon.png');
 }

Loading Data

npm install --save-dev csv-loader xml-loader

webpack.config.js

 const path = require('path');

 module.exports = {
   entry: './src/index.js',
   output: {
     filename: 'bundle.js',
     path: path.resolve(__dirname, 'dist'),
   },
   module: {
     rules: [
       {
         test: /\.css$/i,
         use: ['style-loader', 'css-loader'],
       },
       {
         test: /\.(png|svg|jpg|jpeg|gif)$/i,
         type: 'asset/resource',
       },
       {
         test: /\.(woff|woff2|eot|ttf|otf)$/i,
         type: 'asset/resource',
       },
+      {
+        test: /\.(csv|tsv)$/i,
+        use: ['csv-loader'],
+      },
+      {
+        test: /\.xml$/i,
+        use: ['xml-loader'],
+      },
     ],
   },
 };

project

  webpack-demo
  |- package.json
  |- package-lock.json
  |- webpack.config.js
  |- /dist
    |- bundle.js
    |- index.html
  |- /src
 +  |- data.xml
 +  |- data.csv
    |- my-font.woff
    |- my-font.woff2
    |- icon.png
    |- style.css
    |- index.js
  |- /node_modules

src/data.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<note>
  <to>Mary</to>
  <from>John</from>
  <heading>Reminder</heading>
  <body>Call Cindy on Tuesday</body>
</note>

src/data.csv

to,from,heading,body
Mary,John,Reminder,Call Cindy on Tuesday
Zoe,Bill,Reminder,Buy orange juice
Autumn,Lindsey,Letter,I miss you

src/index.js

 import _ from 'lodash';
 import './style.css';
 import Icon from './icon.png';
+import Data from './data.xml';
+import Notes from './data.csv';

 function component() {
   const element = document.createElement('div');

   // Lodash, now imported by this script
   element.innerHTML = _.join(['Hello', 'webpack'], ' ');
   element.classList.add('hello');

   // Add the image to our existing div.
   const myIcon = new Image();
   myIcon.src = Icon;

   element.appendChild(myIcon);

+  console.log(Data);
+  console.log(Notes);
+
   return element;
 }

 document.body.appendChild(component());

Customize parser of JSON modules

src/data.toml

title = "TOML Example"

[owner]
name = "Tom Preston-Werner"
organization = "GitHub"
bio = "GitHub Cofounder & CEO\nLikes tater tots and beer."
dob = 1979-05-27T07:32:00Z

src/data.yaml

title: YAML Example
owner:
  name: Tom Preston-Werner
  organization: GitHub
  bio: |-
    GitHub Cofounder & CEO
    Likes tater tots and beer.
  dob: 1979-05-27T07:32:00.000Z

src/data.json5

{
  // comment
  title: 'JSON5 Example',
  owner: {
    name: 'Tom Preston-Werner',
    organization: 'GitHub',
    bio: 'GitHub Cofounder & CEO\n\
Likes tater tots and beer.',
    dob: '1979-05-27T07:32:00.000Z',
  },
}

Install toml, yamljs and json5 packages first:

npm install toml yamljs json5 --save-dev

webpack.config.js

 const path = require('path');
+const toml = require('toml');
+const yaml = require('yamljs');
+const json5 = require('json5');

 module.exports = {
   entry: './src/index.js',
   output: {
     filename: 'bundle.js',
     path: path.resolve(__dirname, 'dist'),
   },
   module: {
     rules: [
       {
         test: /\.css$/i,
         use: ['style-loader', 'css-loader'],
       },
       {
         test: /\.(png|svg|jpg|jpeg|gif)$/i,
         type: 'asset/resource',
       },
       {
         test: /\.(woff|woff2|eot|ttf|otf)$/i,
         type: 'asset/resource',
       },
       {
         test: /\.(csv|tsv)$/i,
         use: ['csv-loader'],
       },
       {
         test: /\.xml$/i,
         use: ['xml-loader'],
       },
+      {
+        test: /\.toml$/i,
+        type: 'json',
+        parser: {
+          parse: toml.parse,
+        },
+      },
+      {
+        test: /\.yaml$/i,
+        type: 'json',
+        parser: {
+          parse: yaml.parse,
+        },
+      },
+      {
+        test: /\.json5$/i,
+        type: 'json',
+        parser: {
+          parse: json5.parse,
+        },
+      },
     ],
   },
 };

### src/index.js

 import _ from 'lodash';
import './style.css';
import Icon from './icon.png';
import Data from './data.xml';
import Notes from './data.csv';
+import toml from './data.toml';
+import yaml from './data.yaml';
+import json from './data.json5';
+
+console.log(toml.title); // output `TOML Example`
+console.log(toml.owner.name); // output `Tom Preston-Werner`
+
+console.log(yaml.title); // output `YAML Example`
+console.log(yaml.owner.name); // output `Tom Preston-Werner`
+
+console.log(json.title); // output `JSON5 Example`
+console.log(json.owner.name); // output `Tom Preston-Werner`

function component() {
  const element = document.createElement('div');

  // Lodash, now imported by this script
  element.innerHTML = _.join(['Hello', 'webpack'], ' ');
  element.classList.add('hello');

  // Add the image to our existing div.
  const myIcon = new Image();
  myIcon.src = Icon;

  element.appendChild(myIcon);

  console.log(Data);
  console.log(Notes);

  return element;
}

document.body.appendChild(component());

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